Maca and Ashwagandha, two powerhouse herbs, have long been revered in their native lands for their remarkable health benefits. Originating from different corners of the world – Maca from the Andes of Peru and Ashwagandha from the Indian subcontinent – these herbs have stood the test of time.

Traditionally used for a myriad of health issues, they have recently seen a surge in popularity in Western cultures. This newfound interest is not just a health trend; it’s a rediscovery of ancient wisdom, blending traditional herbal practices with modern wellness needs.

Let’s delve into the fascinating world of these two herbs and uncover the secrets behind their enduring legacy.

What is Ashwagandha?

Ashwagandha, known scientifically as Withania somnifera, is a staple of Ayurvedic medicine. This ancient herb, often referred to as Indian Ginseng, has been used for over 3,000 years to rejuvenate and revitalize the body and mind. Its roots and berries are packed with medicinal properties, making it a go-to remedy for various ailments.

Health Benefits of Ashwagandha

  • Stress and Anxiety Reduction: Ashwagandha is renowned for its adaptogenic properties, helping the body manage stress more effectively. Clinical studies have shown that it can significantly lower cortisol levels, the body’s stress hormone, thereby reducing anxiety and stress-related disorders [1].
  • Male Fertility and Libido Enhancement: This herb is a boon for male reproductive health. Research indicates that Ashwagandha can enhance libido and improve sperm quality, addressing issues like stress-induced male infertility [2].
  • Muscle Mass and Strength Increase: For those looking to boost their physical performance, Ashwagandha has been found to increase muscle mass and strength, making it a popular supplement among athletes [3].
  • Heart Health and Blood Sugar Level Regulation: Ashwagandha also plays a role in cardiovascular health. It aids in regulating blood sugar levels and improving heart function, making it beneficial for those with diabetes and heart conditions [4].

What is Maca?

Maca, or Lepidium meyenii, is a cruciferous vegetable native to the high Andes of Peru. Known as “Peruvian Ginseng,” this root has been an essential part of Andean diet and medicine for over 2,000 years. Maca is celebrated for its nutritional value and its ability to withstand harsh climates.

Health Benefits of Maca

  • Fatigue Reduction and Energy Level Increase: Maca is a natural energizer. It’s known to reduce fatigue and boost energy levels, making it a favorite among those needing a natural lift in their daily routine [5].
  • Anxiety Reduction: This root also has a calming effect on the nervous system, helping to alleviate anxiety and improve mood [6].
  • Improvement in Sexual Desire: Maca is often touted for its ability to enhance libido. Studies have shown that it can significantly improve sexual desire, particularly in postmenopausal women and men with erectile dysfunction [7].
  • Alleviation of Perimenopause and Menopause Symptoms: For women navigating the challenges of menopause, Maca offers relief. It’s been found to reduce menopausal symptoms like hot flashes and night sweats [8].

Similarities and Differences Between Ashwagandha and Maca

Ashwagandha and Maca, though hailing from different traditions, share some remarkable similarities. Both are celebrated as adaptogens, meaning they help the body resist various stressors, be it physical, chemical, or biological. Their antioxidant properties further enhance their appeal, offering protection against cellular damage.

Adaptogenic Properties and Antioxidant Power

Both herbs excel in reducing stress and bolstering the body’s resilience against stress. Their antioxidant capabilities combat oxidative stress, contributing to overall health and wellness.

Effects on Libido, Stress, and Anxiety

  • Ashwagandha: Known for reducing stress and anxiety, it also boosts libido, particularly in men, by improving testosterone levels.
  • Maca: This root is a natural libido enhancer in both men and women and has a positive impact on mood, helping to alleviate anxiety.

Impact on Male Fertility and Blood Glucose Levels

  • Ashwagandha: It enhances male fertility by improving sperm quality and has been shown to regulate blood sugar levels, beneficial for diabetes management.
  • Maca: While also beneficial for male fertility, particularly in sperm production, its role in blood glucose management is less pronounced than Ashwagandha.

Ashwagandha vs Maca: Which Is Right For You?

Choosing between Ashwagandha and Maca depends on your specific health goals and needs. Both have unique benefits, making them suitable for different health concerns.

Individual Benefits of Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha is your go-to herb for stress relief, anxiety reduction, and improving sleep quality. It’s also beneficial for enhancing male fertility and regulating thyroid function. If you’re looking to boost muscle strength and cardiovascular health, Ashwagandha is a strong contender.

Individual Benefits of Maca

Maca stands out for its energy-boosting properties and its ability to enhance libido and mood. It’s particularly effective in alleviating menopausal symptoms in women and improving sexual health in men. If you need a natural energizer that also supports reproductive health, Maca is an excellent choice.

Choosing Based on Personal Health Goals

  • If your primary concern is managing stress, anxiety, or improving male reproductive health, Ashwagandha might be more suitable.
  • For those seeking to boost energy, libido, and mood, particularly in the context of menopause or sexual health, Maca would be the better option.
  • Remember, your individual health conditions, lifestyle, and specific health goals should guide your choice. Consulting with a healthcare professional can also provide personalized advice tailored to your needs.

Which herb should you try – Ashwagandha or Maca?

  1. Young Men Seeking Athletic Performance Enhancement If you’re a young man aiming to boost your athletic performance, Ashwagandha might be your ideal choice. It not only enhances testosterone levels but also aids in muscle growth and recovery. For alternatives, consider herbs like Tribulus Terrestris, known for its potential to increase stamina and muscle strength.
  2. Middle-Aged Men Focusing on Libido and Sexual Health If you’re a middle-aged man looking to enhance libido and sexual health, Maca could be more beneficial. It’s known for improving sexual desire and performance. As an alternative, Ginseng can be effective, as it’s reputed for enhancing sexual function.
  3. Senior Citizens Seeking Vitality and Overall Well-being If you’re a senior citizen looking to boost vitality and overall well-being, Ashwagandha is a great option. It not only helps in increasing testosterone levels but also reduces stress and improves cognitive function. Another herb to consider is Fenugreek, which is believed to have libido-enhancing properties.
  4. Bodybuilders and Fitness Enthusiasts If you’re into bodybuilding or fitness, Ashwagandha can be a valuable addition to your regimen. It supports muscle growth and strength, and aids in recovery. You might also explore Eurycoma Longifolia (Tongkat Ali), known for its potential to increase muscle mass and strength.
  5. Men with Stress-Related Fertility Issues If you’re dealing with stress-related fertility issues, Ashwagandha can be particularly effective due to its stress-reducing and fertility-enhancing properties. Another natural substance to consider is Shilajit, traditionally used for enhancing male fertility.
  6. Individuals with Hormonal Imbalances If you’re struggling with hormonal imbalances,both Ashwagandha & Maca can help. It’s known for balancing hormone levels and is particularly beneficial in managing symptoms of andropause. An alternative herb to consider is Bulbine Natalensis or Cistanche, often used for its impact on testosterone levels.
  7. Health Enthusiasts Seeking General Wellness If you’re generally health-conscious and looking for overall wellness, both Ashwagandha and Maca can be beneficial. Ashwagandha is great for reducing stress and improving sleep, while Maca boosts energy and mood. Rhodiola Rosea is another herb worth considering for its adaptogenic and energy-boosting properties.

Best Herb for Specific Users or Circumstances

  • If you are a young man focusing on athletic performance, Ashwagandha is likely your best bet due to its muscle-building and recovery benefits.
  • If you are a middle-aged or senior man looking to enhance libido or manage age-related hormonal changes, Maca could offer more targeted benefits.
  • For senior citizens seeking overall vitality and cognitive health, Ashwagandha’s stress-reducing and cognitive-enhancing properties make it a suitable choice.
  • Bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts might find Ashwagandha more beneficial for muscle growth and recovery.
  • Men dealing with stress-related fertility issues could benefit from Ashwagandha’s stress-reducing and fertility-enhancing properties.
  • Individuals with hormonal imbalances might find Maca more effective due to its hormone-balancing effects.
  • General health enthusiasts can choose either Ashwagandha or Maca based on specific needs like stress reduction or energy boosting, respectively.

Remember, while these herbs are generally safe, it’s always wise to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

Performance Evaluation: Ashwagandha vs Maca

When comparing Ashwagandha and Maca across various benefits, it’s important to note that individual responses can vary, and the effectiveness of these herbs may depend on factors like age, health status, and specific health goals. Here’s a comparative scale from 1 to 10, where 1 is least effective and 10 is most effective:

Testosterone Boosting

  • Ashwagandha: 8/10 – Known for significantly boosting testosterone levels, especially in men facing fertility issues or low testosterone.
  • Maca: 6/10 – While Maca improves sexual health, its direct impact on testosterone levels is less pronounced compared to Ashwagandha.


  • Ashwagandha: 9/10 – Proven to increase muscle mass and strength, making it a favorite among athletes and bodybuilders.
  • Maca: 5/10 – Offers some benefits, but not as directly linked to muscle building as Ashwagandha.

Sexual Performance

  • Ashwagandha: 7/10 – Enhances libido and sexual function, particularly in men.
  • Maca: 8/10 – Known for boosting libido and sexual function in both men and women.


  • Ashwagandha: 6/10 – Has some properties that may help balance estrogen levels, but not its primary benefit.
  • Maca: 5/10 – Less known for anti-estrogen properties, more for overall hormonal balance.

Androgenic Benefits or Activity

  • Ashwagandha: 8/10 – Shows significant androgenic activity, improving male hormonal health and fertility.
  • Maca: 6/10 – Offers androgenic benefits, particularly in terms of sexual health and mood enhancement.

Overall Energy and Stamina

  • Ashwagandha: 7/10 – Boosts overall energy and reduces fatigue, particularly stress-related.
  • Maca: 9/10 – Highly effective in increasing energy and stamina, known for its energizing properties.

Value for Money

  • Ashwagandha: 8/10 – Offers a wide range of health benefits, making it a cost-effective choice for holistic health improvement.
  • Maca: 7/10 – Provides good value, especially for specific needs like energy boosting and sexual health improvement.

In summary, Ashwagandha generally scores higher in testosterone boosting, muscle-building, and androgenic activity, while Maca is more effective for overall energy, stamina, and sexual performance. Both herbs offer good value for money, considering their range of health benefits.

Combining Ashwagandha and Maca

Can They Be Taken Together?

Absolutely! Combining Ashwagandha and Maca can be a powerful duo for your wellness routine. These two adaptogens complement each other, offering a broad spectrum of health benefits. When taken together, they can harmonize the body’s stress response and energy levels, making them a formidable pair for those seeking both mental and physical wellness.

Potential Synergistic Effects

The synergy between Ashwagandha and Maca can amplify their individual effects. Ashwagandha’s stress-reducing and hormone-balancing properties, combined with Maca’s energy-boosting and mood-enhancing effects, create a comprehensive wellness solution. This combination can be particularly beneficial for improving sexual health, enhancing physical performance, and managing stress.

Maximizing Benefits by Combining Both

To maximize the benefits, consider the timing and dosage of each herb. Taking Ashwagandha in the evening may help improve sleep quality, while Maca in the morning can provide an energy boost for the day. Adjusting dosages according to individual needs and consulting with a healthcare provider can ensure you get the most out of this powerful combination.

Ashwagandha and Maca Supplements

How to Choose Quality Supplements

When selecting Ashwagandha and Maca supplements, look for products with high purity and minimal additives. Check for certifications like organic, non-GMO, and third-party testing. These certifications ensure that the supplements are free from harmful contaminants and are of high quality.

Recommended Suppliers

Reputable suppliers are key to finding quality supplements. Brands like Himalaya, Gaia Herbs, and Organic India are known for their high-quality Ashwagandha supplements. For Maca, look towards companies like Navitas Organics and The Maca Team, renowned for their pure and organic Maca products.

Importance of Authenticity and Purity

Authenticity and purity are crucial for the effectiveness and safety of supplements. Pure extracts without fillers or artificial additives provide the best results and minimize the risk of side effects. Always opt for supplements from trusted brands that transparently disclose their sourcing and manufacturing processes.


Common Questions about Ashwagandha and Maca

  • Can Ashwagandha and Maca be taken at the same time? Yes, they can be taken together, ideally with Ashwagandha in the evening and Maca in the morning.
  • Are there any side effects? Both herbs are generally safe, but some may experience mild side effects like digestive upset. It’s always best to start with a lower dose to assess tolerance.

Addressing Concerns about Side Effects and Interactions

  • Can these supplements interact with medications? While major interactions are rare, it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider, especially if you’re on medication for thyroid issues, diabetes, or hormonal therapies.
  • Who should avoid these supplements? Pregnant or breastfeeding women and individuals with certain medical conditions should consult a healthcare professional before taking these supplements.


Senior Medical Reviewer | + posts

Dr. Bengebara Omar, MD is Senior Medical Reviewer at Thanks to his experience as an emergency physician, Dr. Ben offers our site a unique expertise in any health related subject. His very particular working environment allows him to be confronted with a very wide variety of cases. Indeed, given these working circumstances, he shares with us a unique experience in the medical field (concerning pathologies and their treatment) as well as in other fields related to this environment (like the management of energy, stress, emotions and other aspects of psychology). Before fully devoting himself to the medical career, Dr. Ben was also a tennis player with several regional and national competitions at his palmares. He graduated as tennis coach in 2015. Dr. Ben is also a travel and fitness fan. He is an adept of the doctrine that a healthy lifestyle is the basis for good health, and he believes that conveying this belief to his patients is much more beneficial to them than just dealing with their physical issues. Read more about him.